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IP-Watch Interns Summer 2013

IP-Watch interns Brittany Ngo (Yale Graduate School of Public Health) and Caitlin McGivern (University of Law, London) talk about their Geneva experience in summer 2013. 2:42.

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2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

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4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

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9. These terms and your posts and contributions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Switzerland (without giving effect to conflict of laws principles thereof) and any dispute exclusively settled by the Courts of the Canton of Geneva.

Quantitative Analysis Of Contributions To NETMundial Meeting

A quantitative analysis of the 187 submissions to the April NETmundial conference on the future of internet governance shows broad support for improving security, ensuring respect for privacy, ensuring freedom of expression, and globalizing the IANA function, analyst Richard Hill writes.


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    WHO Negotiations On Global Monitoring Framework Seen As Success In Noncommunicable Disease Fight

    Published on 9 November 2012 @ 8:40 pm

    By for Intellectual Property Watch

    World Health Organization members this week achieved consensus on a set of voluntary targets and indicators for the prevention and control of the world’s biggest killers including cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular and chronic respiratory diseases. Two targets and several indicators relate to national health systems response.

    WHO member states met in a formal meeting from 5-7 November in Geneva, ending in a night session. The meeting documents are available here and the advance, unedited meeting report is available here [pdf].

    The call to develop the global monitoring framework was made at the UN High-Level Meeting on the Prevention and Control of NCDs in September 2011. World leaders tasked the WHO to develop a “comprehensive global monitoring framework” which includes voluntary global targets and indicators to measure progress on NCDs by the end of 2012.

    With nine targets and 25 indicators, meeting participants and observers are calling the framework a success, including Bjorn-Inge Larsen, secretary of health and care services in Norway, who chaired the meeting.

    “I think that the targets and indicators that we set exceeded our expectations going into the meeting. We have never had targets that are so relevant in the area of NCDs. This framework sets us in the right direction,” Larsen told Intellectual Property Watch.

    Targets on NCD Medicines

    One of the global voluntary targets, the 25 per cent reduction in premature mortality from NCDs by 2012, was adopted by the World Health Assembly in May 2012 (IPW, WHO, 25 May 2012).

    Discussions on the additional targets and indicators were based on a 31 October discussion paper [pdf] and included 11 targets. In the final report, targets on diabetes and obesity were combined. Both targets related to national systems response, expected to be areas of contention, were accepted with minor changes and were less controversial than other targets such as salt and alcohol, according to sources.

    One national systems response target, related to essential medicines and technologies, reads: “80% availability of affordable basic technologies and essential medicines, including generics, required to treat major NCDs in both public and private facilities.”

    This marks a slight change from the wording in the discussion paper, which specified the availability of “generic essential medicines.” According to a delegate from a middle-income country, the debate on this issue was “not very long, as we have agreed language here.”

    The other national systems response target, related to drug therapy to prevent heart attack and stroke, reads: “At least 50% eligible people receive drug therapy and counseling (including glycemic control) to prevent heart attacks and strokes.”

    HPV Vaccine: Cost-Prohibitive For Some Countries

    One of the most debated issues related to national systems response was setting an indicator on the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, which has been shown to protect against most cervical cancers in women.

    Since November 2011, the HPV vaccine is available to 73 countries eligible to receive vaccines from the GAVI Alliance at a discounted price. According to a spokesperson from the organisation, the GAVI price is 63 per cent less expensive than the public price, which amounts to US$5 per dose. The vaccine is given in three doses.

    According to sources, inclusion of an HPV indicator was a high priority for delegates from the AFRO region, while some middle-income countries that are not included on the GAVI list argued that the cost of the vaccine prohibits large-scale inoculation programmes.

    In the final text, the indicator was included, but was described as “aspirational,” by the meeting chair to Intellectual Property Watch. It reads: “Availability, as appropriate, if cost-effective and affordable, of HPV vaccines, according to national programmes and policies.”

    Nonetheless, its inclusion was seen as an important step for some non-governmental organisations (NGOs) including the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), which was present as an observer of the three-day meeting.

    “We were ecstatic that member states recognised the importance of cancer related infections by including targets such as the HPV vaccine,” Julie Torode, deputy CEO and director of Advocacy & Programmes at the UICC, told Intellectual Property Watch. “There was some concern among member states about the current cost of the HPV vaccine which did lead to agreement of the policy level indicator but as many member states from the AFRO region said that what is important at this stage is that it is being monitored.”

    The NCD Alliance, also present during the formal WHO meeting, issued a media release in reaction to the global monitoring framework, which is available here [pdf].

    The report on the NCD Global Monitoring Framework including indicators, and a set of voluntary global targets for the prevention and control of NCDs, will be submitted for the WHO Executive Board’s consideration in January.

    See related Intellectual Property Watch article here.

    Rachel Marusak Hermann may be reached at info@ip-watch.org.

     

    Comments

    1. WHO Executive Board Concludes After ‘Unpredecented’ Workload | Intellectual Property Watch says:

      [...] of the November meeting on a global monitoring framework on the prevention and control of NCDs (IPW, 9 November 2013). They also considered an action plan (EB132/7 corr.1). They decided to hold consultations on the [...]

    2. World Health Assembly: R&D, NCDs, Pandemics Top Agenda | Intellectual Property Watch says:

      [...] level and nine voluntary targets for preventing and controlling NCDs globally. The outcome of a formal member state meeting held in November 2012, this framework was endorsed during the last EB [...]


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    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website. By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website.

    By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    1. You agree that you are fully responsible for the content that you post. You will not knowingly post content that violates the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property right of any third party or which you know is under a confidentiality obligation preventing its publication and that you will request removal of the same should you discover that you have violated this provision. Likewise, you may not post content that is libelous, defamatory, obscene, abusive, that violates a third party's right to privacy, that otherwise violates any applicable local, state, national or international law, that amounts to spamming or that is otherwise inappropriate. You may not post content that degrades others on the basis of gender, race, class, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual preference, disability or other classification. Epithets and other language intended to intimidate or to incite violence are also prohibited. Furthermore, you may not impersonate others.

    2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

    3. By submitting any contribution to IP Watch, you warrant that your contribution is your own original work and that you have the right to make it available to IP Watch for all purposes and you agree to indemnify IP Watch, its directors, employees and agents against all damages, legal fees and others expenses that may be incurred by IP Watch as a result of your breach of warranty or of these terms.

    4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

    5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

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