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Ten Questions About Internet Governance

On April 23 in Sao Paulo, Brazil, the “Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance,” also known as “NETmundial” in an allusion to the global football event that will occur later in that country, will be convened. Juan Alfonso Fernández González of the Cuban Communications Ministry and a veteran of the UN internet governance meetings, raises 10 questions that need to be answered at NETmundial.


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    Film Industry In Developing Countries Needs To Implement Copyright, Speakers Say

    Published on 19 November 2013 @ 7:40 pm

    By , Intellectual Property Watch

    An event held today alongside the World Intellectual Property Organization committee on development gathered several cinema professionals working in emerging or developing countries and said that film makers in those countries need to better understand the functioning of the intellectual property system to be able to be part of the global film industry.

    The International Federation of Film Producers Associations (FIAPF), with the support of the Swiss Federal Council, organised a roundtable discussion entitled, “Film’s Contribution to Development: the view from creative film producers.” The event was held on the margins of the 12th session of the WIPO Committee on Intellectual Property and Development (CDIP), taking place from 18-21 November.

    Speakers were film professionals working in countries where the “chain of title” which documents rights along the film production chain, is lacking strength, when not entirely missing.

    Guillaume de Seille, French producer of numerous film in emerging countries, such as Turkey, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Colombia, and Azerbaijan, said in some countries writers’ agreements do not exist and have to be invented. This is important, he said, to get funding in developed countries financing those films, such as France, which requires such documentation to grant funding.

    The main problem is the lack of a chain of title, he said, as televisions channels, such as Arte, in Europe, require a chain of title to buy a film, in order to avoid any copyright concerns. Even for non-commercial events, such as festivals, this chain of title is often required, he said.

    The Locarno International Film Festival has created a platform to facilitate meetings between film makers from developing countries and producers, said Ananda Scepka, head of Open Doors at the Locarno Festival. “Open Doors” allows film makers from developing countries to get visibility, she said, and focuses each year on a different region.

    Scepka also underlined the need for a chain of title for films, and the necessity of including a distribution strategy early on in film projects.

    Ousmane Boundaoné, director of the Imagine Institute in Burkina Faso, a training centre for film professionals created in 2003, said the institute has trained some 900 professionals from 26 African countries. The training, he said, targets technicians, film directors, some producers, and the institute is trying to develop cooperation with other training institutions. Young film makers, he said, are coming to the industry with production as a sole objective and are not giving much thought to the market, where the stakes are.

    International mechanisms such as the use of intellectual property rights need to be integrated in the cinema industry, he said. Legal instruments are not lacking in Burkina Faso, he said, but those rights need to be understood and implemented by cinema professionals such as movie theatre owners, producers, film makers, and – since Burkina Faso has also recognised neighbouring rights – other involved parties, such as actors, he said.

    A major challenge is the digital switchover, he said. Already, some issues are arising between the film industry and major mobile telephone companies, which include digital content in their offer, he added.

    Nicolas Wadimoff, a Swiss film producer who has worked internationally, for example in Palestine, said the issue of copyright is important when it comes to long feature films. For short films it is not so important, he said, but for long feature films, “you have sales agents, national distribution, international distribution, you can sell your films to television stations, then it is really an issue,” he said.

    Catherine Saez may be reached at info@ip-watch.ch.

     

    Comments

    1. Friday’s Endnotes – 11/22/13 | Copyhype says:

      […] Film Industry In Developing Countries Needs To Implement Copyright, Speakers Say — A reminder of the fact that, among other things, copyright plays an important role as an economic asset — sometimes the only economic asset — that creators have to enter into negotiations in the marketplace. “An event held today alongside the World Intellectual Property Organization committee on development gathered several cinema professionals working in emerging or developing countries and said that film makers in those countries need to better understand the functioning of the intellectual property system to be able to be part of the global film industry.” […]


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    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website. By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website.

    By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    1. You agree that you are fully responsible for the content that you post. You will not knowingly post content that violates the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property right of any third party or which you know is under a confidentiality obligation preventing its publication and that you will request removal of the same should you discover that you have violated this provision. Likewise, you may not post content that is libelous, defamatory, obscene, abusive, that violates a third party's right to privacy, that otherwise violates any applicable local, state, national or international law, that amounts to spamming or that is otherwise inappropriate. You may not post content that degrades others on the basis of gender, race, class, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual preference, disability or other classification. Epithets and other language intended to intimidate or to incite violence are also prohibited. Furthermore, you may not impersonate others.

    2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

    3. By submitting any contribution to IP Watch, you warrant that your contribution is your own original work and that you have the right to make it available to IP Watch for all purposes and you agree to indemnify IP Watch, its directors, employees and agents against all damages, legal fees and others expenses that may be incurred by IP Watch as a result of your breach of warranty or of these terms.

    4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

    5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

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    8. For any content that you post, you hereby grant to IP Watch the royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, exclusive and fully sub-licensable license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such content in whole or in part, world-wide and to incorporate it in other works, in any form, media or technology now known or later developed.

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