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    Regards de deux cinéastes africains sur la créativité et le droit d’auteur

    Published on 10 March 2010 @ 3:42 pm

    By for Intellectual Property Watch

    Sous l’égide de la Fédération Internationale des Associations de Producteurs de Films (FIAPF), deux cinéastes africains, invités au festival annuel genevois Black Movie, ont tenu à partager leurs idées sur le dynamisme du cinéma africain et la protection du droit d’auteur.

    Le cinéma au delà de son rôle de passerelle entre les cultures est également un outil de développement considérable en tant que source de création d’emploi et générateur de plus-value selon Cheikh Oumar Sissoko, cinéaste et ancien ministre de la Culture et de l’Education du Mali.

    Toutefois, selon lui, la piraterie dont il est victime à travers plusieurs de ses films constitue une aliénation de son droit à la protection de sa création. Il a donné l’exemple d’un de ses films titré « Guimba» qui a été diffusé par une grande chaine de télévision satellitaire sud- africaine sans autorisation préalable de sa part. En guise de rétrocession de droit, ladite chaine a consenti à lui accorder après diffusion un montant « dérisoire » selon M. Sissoko.

    Le cinéaste Idriss Ouédrago, également scénariste et producteur au Burkina Faso, quant à lui, a souligné le déficit technique des structures nationales chargées de la protection des droits d’auteur dans les pays africains.

    Selon lui, une professionnalisation plus poussée de ces structures aurait aidé à lutter plus efficacement contre la piraterie. A ce niveau, il a interpellé aussi bien l’Organisation Mondiale de la Propriété Intellectuelle que l’Organisation Mondiale du Commerce à œuvrer dans le but d’aider ces bureaux ou organes nationaux à mieux lutter contre la piraterie. Il a préconisé une harmonisation du marché cinématographique ouest-africain gage d’un développement considérable et substantiel de la production et de la diffusion à large échelle.

    L’essor du marché des VCD/DVD, combiné à la réduction du parc des salles de cinéma en Afrique de l’ouest favorise une piraterie à grande échelle selon le cinéaste burkinabé.

    Par conséquent, il a vivement recommandé à la fois une protection et une promotion de la compréhension du droit d’auteur et des droits connexes.

    Au plan international, la mise sur pied “d’un modèle de licence pour permettre à des réalisateurs de films africains et l’industrie de production de film Africain de contrôler le rendement de leurs investissements” est nécessaire, d’après M. Ouédrago.

    L’accès au marché audiovisuel européen est en outre, selon M.Ouédrago, un moyen de promotion du cinéma africain. Le degré de respect du copyright en Europe, combiné avec les royalties versés par les chaines européennes au titre des droits de diffusion sont autant d’atouts pour donner un coup de pouce à la production cinématographique africaine, a ajouté M. Ouédrago.

    Il s’avère également, que cet événement a été financé par la FIAPF qui regroupe 26 associations de producteurs de films issues de 23 pays à majorité occidentale.

    Cheikh Kane may be reached at info@ip-watch.ch.

    Avec le soutien de l'Organisation internationale de la Francophonie.

     

    Comments

    1. Yvan M. says:

      Je suis ecrivain d’origine congolaise et j’ai une histoire d’un film africain. Pouvez-vous m’envoyer des adresses des producteurs que je peux contacter? Merci.


    Leave a Reply

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website. By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website.

    By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    1. You agree that you are fully responsible for the content that you post. You will not knowingly post content that violates the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property right of any third party or which you know is under a confidentiality obligation preventing its publication and that you will request removal of the same should you discover that you have violated this provision. Likewise, you may not post content that is libelous, defamatory, obscene, abusive, that violates a third party's right to privacy, that otherwise violates any applicable local, state, national or international law, that amounts to spamming or that is otherwise inappropriate. You may not post content that degrades others on the basis of gender, race, class, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual preference, disability or other classification. Epithets and other language intended to intimidate or to incite violence are also prohibited. Furthermore, you may not impersonate others.

    2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

    3. By submitting any contribution to IP Watch, you warrant that your contribution is your own original work and that you have the right to make it available to IP Watch for all purposes and you agree to indemnify IP Watch, its directors, employees and agents against all damages, legal fees and others expenses that may be incurred by IP Watch as a result of your breach of warranty or of these terms.

    4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

    5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

    6. You understand and agree that the discussion forums are to be used only for non-commercial purposes. You may not solicit funds, promote commercial entities or otherwise engage in commercial activity in our discussion forums.

    7. You acknowledge and agree that you use and/or rely on any information obtained through the discussion forums at your own risk.

    8. For any content that you post, you hereby grant to IP Watch the royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, exclusive and fully sub-licensable license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such content in whole or in part, world-wide and to incorporate it in other works, in any form, media or technology now known or later developed.

    9. These terms and your posts and contributions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Switzerland (without giving effect to conflict of laws principles thereof) and any dispute exclusively settled by the Courts of the Canton of Geneva.

     

     
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