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Ten Questions About Internet Governance

On April 23 in Sao Paulo, Brazil, the “Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance,” also known as “NETmundial” in an allusion to the global football event that will occur later in that country, will be convened. Juan Alfonso Fernández González of the Cuban Communications Ministry and a veteran of the UN internet governance meetings, raises 10 questions that need to be answered at NETmundial.


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    New Southern/East African Copyright Network Targets Protection, Local Innovation

    Published on 15 July 2008 @ 10:41 am

    Intellectual Property Watch

    By Wagdy Sawahel for Intellectual Property Watch
    Seventeen African ministers of arts and culture have officially launched the newly formed Southern and Eastern Africa Copyright Network (Seaconet) in a bid to strengthen regional collaboration and cooperation in the field of creative industries, copyright and related rights.

    “The need to create Seaconet is due to the lack of a regional forum where issues relating to the promotion and protection of creative industries, copyright and related rights could be discussed,” said Serman Chavula, executive director of the Copyright Society of Malawi.

    The announcement came at a 30 May ministerial meeting held in Lilongwe, Malawi.

    Malawi-based Seaconet will focus on priority areas such as the adoption of a constitution, setting up a secretariat, harmonisation of copyright laws, and reduction of piracy through introduction of anti-piracy mechanisms acceptable throughout the region. It also will establish a regional information database for all artistic and cultural activities, awareness campaigns on the role of the cultural industries, copyright and related rights in national and regional development and organise a training programme for developing human resources in the field of intellectual property rights.

    The group includes Angola, Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. It will act as a regional organisation where issues relating to the promotion and protection of creative industries, copyright and related rights can be discussed.

    During the meeting the secretariat and the executive council of Seaconet were elected. It consists of Yustus Mkinga from Copyright Society of Tanzania as president, Serman Chavula from Copyright Society of Malawi as secretariat. The executive council members include Peter Wasamba from the Reproduction Rights Society of Kenya , John Max from the Namibia Society of Composers and Authors of Music, Joel Baloyi from the Southern African Music Rights Organisation, and Kenneth Musamva from Zambia as copyright registrar officer.

    The creation of Seaconet was originally proposed at a sub-regional workshop of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), held from 25-28 April 2005, on copyright and related rights and on establishing a mechanism for regional cooperation in the field of copyright, related rights and cultural industries.

    Similar organisations already exist in West and Central Africa, the Caribbean, Latin American, the United States, the Nordic countries, European countries and in Asia.

    Speaking to Intellectual Property Watch, Eltayeb Mohamed Abdelgadir, researcher at Sudan-based Agricultural Research Corporation, said the move could lead to legislative changes.

    Abdelgadir said countries of Southern and East Africa are bound to amend their legislation in order to introduce higher standards of intellectual property protection since they are party to the World Trade Organisation (WTO). However, he charged that the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) was stacked against these countries from inception because it was negotiated in a non-transparent manner that resulted in a lack of the background information about TRIPS necessary for interpreting the proposed rules. Thus, Seaconet will have a vital role in organising training programmes for promoting awareness about the TRIPs background, premises and intent of the adopted text.

    Abdelgadir indicated Seaconet should also promote synergy within the countries of Southern and East Africa to avoid unnecessary duplication of effort, and with other similar intergovernmental organisations and agencies, in order to learn from their experiences.

    The people of Southern and East Africa are endowed with an abundant heritage of a diversity of cultures, arts, folklore, languages and biological diversity which is expressed through traditional knowledge systems, traditional knowledge and indigenous innovations. However, this knowledge lacks legal recognition and protection.

    According to Abdelgadir, Seaconet is expected to play a leading role in establishing an African mechanism and model of legislation for recognising and protecting both knowledge and innovations derived from traditional knowledge systems and the rights of local communities bearing in mind the unique lifestyles and social structures in Southern and East Africa.

    Heavy Hand of Industry?

    But the region is confronted with the challenge of being asked to fight piracy of others’ copyrighted material and seeking protection for its own. “We cannot ask for protecting our traditional knowledge and we are using the software illegally,” Abdelgadir said.

    According to foreign industry, African pirates are rapidly entering the market of member countries of Seaconet with Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe added in 2007 to the top 23 list of high piracy states as determined in a report by the Business Software Alliance, an umbrella group for developed-nation industry.

    Abdelgadir cited BSA figures that piracy has become endemic in many African countries, leading to a threat to copyright-based industry as BSA studies indicated that a 10 percent reduction by 2009 in piracy could spark growth in the information technology business, and resulting tax revenue, of some US$22.5 billion in the Middle East and Africa. Abdelgadir did not mention that in recent years, BSA figures have been called into question.

    Abdelgadir said, as a result of industry concerns, Seaconet must prepare innovative ways to create public awareness on detrimental effects of piracy and counterfeiting and suggest strategies to empower investors in the industry as well as enhancing and enforcing intellectual property laws to promote Africa`s use of information technology as a tool for sustainable development.

    Abdelgadir concluded by saying “it is good for Southern and Eastern African countries to have Seaconet, but we need it to be strong, active and effective organisation, not just a talking shop for decoration.”

    Wagdy Sawahel may be reached at info@ip-watch.ch.

     

    Comments

    1. serman chavula says:

      I would like, first to thank you for the article on seaconet. It captured the mood which existed during the launch of the Network. It is our hope the it will contribute to the strengthening of collaboration and cooperation in the field of copyright and related rights in the sub-region.
      Secondly, I read with great interest the comments and suggestions made by Mr. Eltayeb Mohamed Abdelgadir on seaconet. It is encouraging that the creation and role SEACONET is already being seen and appreaciated at international level. I agree that sometimes well thought organizations only appear on paper. However, our hope is that this will not happen to SEACONET. We have already started implementing some of the decisions of the meeting in Lilongwe particularly the SWOT analysis of our copyright legislations. This will definitely lead to changes in legislations of the subregion.


    Leave a Reply

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website. By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website.

    By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    1. You agree that you are fully responsible for the content that you post. You will not knowingly post content that violates the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property right of any third party or which you know is under a confidentiality obligation preventing its publication and that you will request removal of the same should you discover that you have violated this provision. Likewise, you may not post content that is libelous, defamatory, obscene, abusive, that violates a third party's right to privacy, that otherwise violates any applicable local, state, national or international law, that amounts to spamming or that is otherwise inappropriate. You may not post content that degrades others on the basis of gender, race, class, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual preference, disability or other classification. Epithets and other language intended to intimidate or to incite violence are also prohibited. Furthermore, you may not impersonate others.

    2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

    3. By submitting any contribution to IP Watch, you warrant that your contribution is your own original work and that you have the right to make it available to IP Watch for all purposes and you agree to indemnify IP Watch, its directors, employees and agents against all damages, legal fees and others expenses that may be incurred by IP Watch as a result of your breach of warranty or of these terms.

    4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

    5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

    6. You understand and agree that the discussion forums are to be used only for non-commercial purposes. You may not solicit funds, promote commercial entities or otherwise engage in commercial activity in our discussion forums.

    7. You acknowledge and agree that you use and/or rely on any information obtained through the discussion forums at your own risk.

    8. For any content that you post, you hereby grant to IP Watch the royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, exclusive and fully sub-licensable license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such content in whole or in part, world-wide and to incorporate it in other works, in any form, media or technology now known or later developed.

    9. These terms and your posts and contributions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Switzerland (without giving effect to conflict of laws principles thereof) and any dispute exclusively settled by the Courts of the Canton of Geneva.

     

     
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