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IP-Watch Summer Interns

IP-Watch interns talk about their Geneva experience in summer 2013. 2:42.

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    Report Finds Positives, Weaknesses In US AIDS Relief Programme

    Published on 31 May 2013 @ 6:31 pm

    By for Intellectual Property Watch

    A US report released this week found that the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has helped to make antiretroviral drug supply chains more efficient and reliable, but still contains several weaknesses that need to be addressed.

    The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) has released a report [pdf] on the PEPFAR drug supply chain. GAO was asked to review PEPFAR-supported antiretroviral (ARV) drug supply chains and examined actions by PEPFAR to improve ARV drug supply chains and partner-country ARV drug supply chain operations. This is the last of three reports requested by Congress.

    The report found that PEPFAR has taken three key steps to make ARV supply chains for treatment programs more efficient and reliable for all PEPFAR partner countries:

    First, PEPFAR and USAID have consolidated supply chains for PEPFAR’s ARV drug procurement, enhancing efficiency and reducing operational costs. Second, PEPFAR has improved donor coordination by creating a network to facilitate information sharing and by developing an emergency procurement mechanism. Third, PEPFAR has provided partner countries with technical assistance, such as assessment tools and training, to help strengthen their supply chains and manage them more effectively.

     Meanwhile, weaknesses were found in inventory controls and record-keeping, including missing or inaccurate drug consumption data. These weaknesses can lead to shortages, waste and loss of resources, the report said. Human resource constraints also contribute to these weaknesses, and PEPFAR is making efforts to address them.

    Another weakness was the fact that PEPFAR does not require country teams that support partner-country supply chains to develop and implement plans to strengthen partner countries’ inventory controls and record-keeping to reduce the risks of shortages, waste and loss in ARV drug supply chains. Because PEPFAR generally relinquishes control of the supply chain once the drugs reach a country’s central warehouse, it is essential that partner-country governments develop the capacity to manage their drug supply efficiently.

    The report recommended the US Secretary of State to direct the Office of the US Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC) to require country teams to develop and implement plans to help partner countries improve inventory controls and record-keeping. It should also require tracking of the progress partner countries are making in measuring ARV drug consumption, waste and loss, it said.

    Brittany Ngo is currently completing her Master’s in Health Policy and Global Health at the Yale School of Public Health and previously obtained a Bachelor’s of Arts in Economics from Georgetown University. Through her studies she has developed an interest in health-related intellectual property issues. She is a summer intern at Intellectual Property Watch.

    Brittany Ngo may be reached at info@ip-watch.ch.

     


    Leave a Reply

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website. By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website.

    By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    1. You agree that you are fully responsible for the content that you post. You will not knowingly post content that violates the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property right of any third party or which you know is under a confidentiality obligation preventing its publication and that you will request removal of the same should you discover that you have violated this provision. Likewise, you may not post content that is libelous, defamatory, obscene, abusive, that violates a third party's right to privacy, that otherwise violates any applicable local, state, national or international law, that amounts to spamming or that is otherwise inappropriate. You may not post content that degrades others on the basis of gender, race, class, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual preference, disability or other classification. Epithets and other language intended to intimidate or to incite violence are also prohibited. Furthermore, you may not impersonate others.

    2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

    3. By submitting any contribution to IP Watch, you warrant that your contribution is your own original work and that you have the right to make it available to IP Watch for all purposes and you agree to indemnify IP Watch, its directors, employees and agents against all damages, legal fees and others expenses that may be incurred by IP Watch as a result of your breach of warranty or of these terms.

    4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

    5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

    6. You understand and agree that the discussion forums are to be used only for non-commercial purposes. You may not solicit funds, promote commercial entities or otherwise engage in commercial activity in our discussion forums.

    7. You acknowledge and agree that you use and/or rely on any information obtained through the discussion forums at your own risk.

    8. For any content that you post, you hereby grant to IP Watch the royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, exclusive and fully sub-licensable license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such content in whole or in part, world-wide and to incorporate it in other works, in any form, media or technology now known or later developed.

    9. These terms and your posts and contributions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Switzerland (without giving effect to conflict of laws principles thereof) and any dispute exclusively settled by the Courts of the Canton of Geneva.

     

     
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