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Ten Questions About Internet Governance

On April 23 in Sao Paulo, Brazil, the “Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance,” also known as “NETmundial” in an allusion to the global football event that will occur later in that country, will be convened. Juan Alfonso Fernández González of the Cuban Communications Ministry and a veteran of the UN internet governance meetings, raises 10 questions that need to be answered at NETmundial.


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    Industry List Of Potential US GIs Released Ahead Of WIPO Meeting

    Published on 27 April 2013 @ 12:18 pm

    By , Intellectual Property Watch

    A producers’ group lobbying in favour of geographical indications has issued a preliminary list of candidate GIs in the United States. The list, released just prior to a World Intellectual Property Organization negotiation on a possible instrument on GIs, takes a particular look at American wines.

    The preliminary list of qualifying product names is available here [pdf].

    The Organization for an International Geographical Indications Network (oriGIn) has been working on a worldwide compilation of GIs protected in the world since September 2011, as discussions on GIs have been stalled at the World Trade Organization for a number of years.

    Geographical indications refer to goods that have a specific geographical origin from which they derive specific qualities, reputation or characteristics. In the US, the protection of such goods is mostly achieved through certification marks, which are trademarks.

    Among the examples of prospective GIs mentioned in the OriGIn document are: Michigan apples, Idaho potatoes, Louisiana shrimp, Wisconsin ginseng, and North American wild blueberries (specifically a type found in Maine), Wisconsin cheese, and Florida oranges.

    The list was circulated ahead of the next meeting of the WIPO Working Group on the Development of the Lisbon System, from 29 April-3 May. The working group is reviewing the international system of the Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration so that it might attract a wider membership, while preserving the principles and objectives of the Lisbon Agreement, according to WIPO. A new possible instrument is being discussed and made positive progress at the last meeting (IPW, WIPO, 7 December 2013).

    OriGIn’s preliminary list was authored by Richard Mendelson, director of the Wine Law and Policy Program and senior research fellow at the Berkeley Center for Law & Technology, and Zachary Wood, law student at the University of California Berkeley School of Law. OriGIn has been working in recent years on building awareness of the value of GIs around the world, including in countries like the United States that have traditionally been strong opponents of strengthening GIs in the multilateral context.

    Mendelson said in an OriGIn press release [pdf] that constructing the list was a difficult exercise, as there is no formal list of GIs in the US. The authors reviewed the American Viticultural Areas for GI wines as well as registered geographically-based certification marks. He added that list was not exhaustive.

    According to the preliminary list, three “currently recognised categories of origin products” were reviewed: wines labelled with American Viticultural Areas, and other goods labelled or advertised with certification trademarks. The list presently “excludes collective marks, trademarks that include a geographic name or otherwise refer to a geographic area, unregistered goods that have a nexus to a specific place and state and county appellations.” These other GIs candidates are expected to be reviewed at a later date.

    “With all its limitations, we offer this list as a useful beginning to a conversation about U.S. GIs and a launching point for further research,” the authors said.

    William New contributed to this report.

    Catherine Saez may be reached at info@ip-watch.ch.

     


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    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website. By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website.

    By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    1. You agree that you are fully responsible for the content that you post. You will not knowingly post content that violates the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property right of any third party or which you know is under a confidentiality obligation preventing its publication and that you will request removal of the same should you discover that you have violated this provision. Likewise, you may not post content that is libelous, defamatory, obscene, abusive, that violates a third party's right to privacy, that otherwise violates any applicable local, state, national or international law, that amounts to spamming or that is otherwise inappropriate. You may not post content that degrades others on the basis of gender, race, class, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual preference, disability or other classification. Epithets and other language intended to intimidate or to incite violence are also prohibited. Furthermore, you may not impersonate others.

    2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

    3. By submitting any contribution to IP Watch, you warrant that your contribution is your own original work and that you have the right to make it available to IP Watch for all purposes and you agree to indemnify IP Watch, its directors, employees and agents against all damages, legal fees and others expenses that may be incurred by IP Watch as a result of your breach of warranty or of these terms.

    4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

    5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

    6. You understand and agree that the discussion forums are to be used only for non-commercial purposes. You may not solicit funds, promote commercial entities or otherwise engage in commercial activity in our discussion forums.

    7. You acknowledge and agree that you use and/or rely on any information obtained through the discussion forums at your own risk.

    8. For any content that you post, you hereby grant to IP Watch the royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, exclusive and fully sub-licensable license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such content in whole or in part, world-wide and to incorporate it in other works, in any form, media or technology now known or later developed.

    9. These terms and your posts and contributions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Switzerland (without giving effect to conflict of laws principles thereof) and any dispute exclusively settled by the Courts of the Canton of Geneva.

     

     
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