SUBSCRIBE TODAY!
Subscribing entitles a reader to complete stories on all topics released as they happen, special features, confidential documents and access to the complete, searchable story archive online back to 2004.
IP-Watch Interns Summer 2013

IP-Watch interns Brittany Ngo (Yale Graduate School of Public Health) and Caitlin McGivern (University of Law, London) talk about their Geneva experience in summer 2013. 2:42.

Inside Views

Submit ideas to info [at] ip-watch [dot] ch!

We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website.

By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

1. You agree that you are fully responsible for the content that you post. You will not knowingly post content that violates the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property right of any third party or which you know is under a confidentiality obligation preventing its publication and that you will request removal of the same should you discover that you have violated this provision. Likewise, you may not post content that is libelous, defamatory, obscene, abusive, that violates a third party's right to privacy, that otherwise violates any applicable local, state, national or international law, that amounts to spamming or that is otherwise inappropriate. You may not post content that degrades others on the basis of gender, race, class, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual preference, disability or other classification. Epithets and other language intended to intimidate or to incite violence are also prohibited. Furthermore, you may not impersonate others.

2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

3. By submitting any contribution to IP Watch, you warrant that your contribution is your own original work and that you have the right to make it available to IP Watch for all purposes and you agree to indemnify IP Watch, its directors, employees and agents against all damages, legal fees and others expenses that may be incurred by IP Watch as a result of your breach of warranty or of these terms.

4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

6. You understand and agree that the discussion forums are to be used only for non-commercial purposes. You may not solicit funds, promote commercial entities or otherwise engage in commercial activity in our discussion forums.

7. You acknowledge and agree that you use and/or rely on any information obtained through the discussion forums at your own risk.

8. For any content that you post, you hereby grant to IP Watch the royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, exclusive and fully sub-licensable license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such content in whole or in part, world-wide and to incorporate it in other works, in any form, media or technology now known or later developed.

9. These terms and your posts and contributions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Switzerland (without giving effect to conflict of laws principles thereof) and any dispute exclusively settled by the Courts of the Canton of Geneva.

Quantitative Analysis Of Contributions To NETMundial Meeting

A quantitative analysis of the 187 submissions to the April NETmundial conference on the future of internet governance shows broad support for improving security, ensuring respect for privacy, ensuring freedom of expression, and globalizing the IANA function, analyst Richard Hill writes.


Latest Comments
  • Why should anyone care what James Anaya thinks? In... »
  • If this goes ahead, as the EU will "speak" for all... »

  • For IPW Subscribers

    A directory of IP delegates in Geneva. Read more>

    A guide to Geneva-based public health and intellectual property organisations. Read More >


    Monthly Reporter

    The Intellectual Property Watch Monthly Reporter, published from 2004 to January 2011, is a 16-page monthly selection of the most important, updated stories and features, plus the People and News Briefs columns.

    The Intellectual Property Watch Monthly Reporter is available in an online archive on the IP-Watch website, available for IP-Watch Subscribers.

    Access the Monthly Reporter Archive >

    Curbing Vaccine Costs Key To Extending Global Immunisation Reach

    Published on 22 April 2013 @ 5:12 pm

    By for Intellectual Property Watch

    As the World Health Organization kicks off a week devoted to the promotion of vaccines, newly published research has identified challenges, such as weak supply systems and information gaps, that need to be addressed to scale-up global vaccine coverage. But some observers say that more attention should be paid to the soaring costs of vaccines, starting with a mechanism to track prices.

    Coinciding with WHO’s “World Immunization Week,” which began 20 April, the journal Vaccine published a Decade of Vaccines supplement that includes contributions from a wide range of stakeholders from government, industry, global agencies, and civil society on topics related to the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP). Endorsed by the World Health Assembly in May 2012, the GVAP establishes a framework for achieving the “Decade of Vaccines” (DoV) goal of 90 percent global vaccine coverage by 2020.

    Launched in 2010, the DoV initiative received widespread support by the public health community including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, WHO, UNICEF, and the GAVI Alliance. In order to reach the 22 million children who are not being vaccinated today, the DoV partners are focussed on health and delivery systems – not intellectual property rights – to improve access to high-quality vaccines.

    The DoV supplement underlines this focus, highlighting the importance of improving supply and logistics systems to scale-up global vaccine coverage, according to a WHO press release. Logistical challenges include weak supply chain systems that make it difficult to store and transport vaccines at required temperatures and poor vaccination recordkeeping. But some members of civil society are calling on global health leaders to increase their focus on other key challenges, especially the increasing cost of vaccines.

    Monitoring Vaccine Prices

    While the Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF, Doctors Without Borders) Access Campaign supports the DoV, the organisation said that it “lacked ambition when it comes to bringing vaccine prices down,” in a recent press release. MSF pointed to the increasing cost of vaccines as a major hurdle in scaling-up and maintaining global immunisation coverage, noting that the WHO-recommended package of vaccines to fully immunise a child has increased from USD$ 1.38 to USD$ 38.80.

    “The USD$ 57 billion Global Vaccine Action Plan does not contain any mechanism to track vaccine prices, despite the alarming fact that the cost to fully vaccinate a child has skyrocketed by 2,700 percent over the last decade,” said Kate Elder, vaccine policy advisor for the MSF Access Campaign.

    The market cost of vaccines is important for the sustainability of access as donor support to pay for vaccines fluctuates over time and as developing countries lose eligibility for preferential prices through the GAVI Alliance. According to the GAVI Alliance (formerly the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation), 17 countries are in the process of graduating in the coming years (IPW, Public Health, 28 February 2013).

    Although WHO does not currently track vaccine prices, member states will have the opportunity to consider the development of such a mechanism at the upcoming World Health Assembly (WHA) from 20-28 May.

    Member states are called on to note a GVAP report (A66/19) [pdf], which includes a proposed framework for monitoring, evaluation and accountability, and a revised list of indicators. Additionally, “a report on trends in vaccine prices, classified according to the procurement mechanisms used, will be presented for review by the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts. The Advisory Group will also be requested to advise on an appropriate indicator for monitoring such price trends.”

    New GAVI Partnership Cuts Vaccine Costs

    Meanwhile, the GAVI Alliance is actively working to reduce vaccine prices and shape the vaccine market through public and private partnerships. Timed with the start of the “World Immunization Week,” the GAVI Alliance announced a major price reduction in pentavalent, a key combination vaccine, through a deal with Biological E, an Indian vaccine manufacturer.

    According to the announcement, the cost of the vaccine, which provides immunisation to five infectious diseases – diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) – will be available to GAVI for USD$ 1.19 per dose, rather than what it costs on average, USD$ 2.17.

    “This is great news for children in the world’s poorest countries and it shows that our innovative public-private partnership model is working well,” said Seth Berkley, CEO of the GAVI Alliance. “A decade ago we had just one European supplier and a price of US$ 3.56. Today we have five suppliers, including two in India, and a price that is down to its lowest level yet. This marks the realisation of a vision that GAVI started a decade ago to create a healthy, competitive and sustainable global market for pentavalent vaccine. ”

    Beyond challenges associated with vaccine prices, UNICEF, the world’s largest provider of vaccines in developing countries, raised concern about the “stagnation” of political will needed to boost global immunisations, pointing to a decline in the number of vaccinations being delivered.

    According to UNICEF, the number of children who were not immunised in 2011 – about 22 million – had increased by over one million from the year before. Only 152 out of 193 WHO member states had dedicated budgets for immunisation that year. UNICEF called for increased political support to succeed in providing vaccines to children living in the poorest communities.

    The DoV partners – UNICEF, WHO, the GAVI Alliance, and the Gates Foundation – will be at the Vaccine Summit in Abu Dhabi from 24-25 April.

    Pharma Calls for Strong IP to Protect Biotechs

    In terms of the industry’s perspective, a paper supported by the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers & Associations (IFPMA), “Delivering the promise of the Decade of Vaccines: opportunities and challenges in the development of high quality new vaccines,” was also published in the Vaccine DoV supplement. It provided the IFPMA and the Biotechnology Industry (BIO) perspective on the GVAP’s strategic objectives and a number of policy recommendations including increased vaccine awareness, predictable demand, and sustainable financing.

    The paper also called for vaccine policies that “support intellectual property and competitive markets,” noting that small biotechs are increasingly partnering with manufacturers in developing countries, such as India, in the development of new vaccines.

    “These partnerships often include transfers of technology…. In all cases, these technology transfers will be successful only where they meet the mutual needs of the partners, and where the necessary enabling conditions are in place…. Of utmost importance, host governments must respect internationally recognized principles of intellectual property protection, and ensure that the proprietary information of the originator company is preserved,” according to the IFPMA paper.

    Meanwhile, according to a report, while speaking at the Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences on 18 April, former president of India A P J Kalam said the country must emerge a global leader in the production of inexpensive vaccines for HIV, cancer, and malaria.

    Related article here.

    Rachel Marusak Hermann may be reached at info@ip-watch.org.

     

    Comments

    1. World Health Assembly: R&D, NCDs, Pandemics Top Agenda | Intellectual Property Watch says:

      [...] The Monitoring and Evaluation Framework, which member states will review next week, provides indicators and targets for the Decade of Vaccines. MSF has been particularly vocal about gaps in the framework, notably that it needs an indicator to track vaccine prices and a more ambitious goal on developing new and improved vaccine technologies (IPW, WHO, 22 April 2013). [...]


    Leave a Reply

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website. By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website.

    By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    1. You agree that you are fully responsible for the content that you post. You will not knowingly post content that violates the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property right of any third party or which you know is under a confidentiality obligation preventing its publication and that you will request removal of the same should you discover that you have violated this provision. Likewise, you may not post content that is libelous, defamatory, obscene, abusive, that violates a third party's right to privacy, that otherwise violates any applicable local, state, national or international law, that amounts to spamming or that is otherwise inappropriate. You may not post content that degrades others on the basis of gender, race, class, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual preference, disability or other classification. Epithets and other language intended to intimidate or to incite violence are also prohibited. Furthermore, you may not impersonate others.

    2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

    3. By submitting any contribution to IP Watch, you warrant that your contribution is your own original work and that you have the right to make it available to IP Watch for all purposes and you agree to indemnify IP Watch, its directors, employees and agents against all damages, legal fees and others expenses that may be incurred by IP Watch as a result of your breach of warranty or of these terms.

    4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

    5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

    6. You understand and agree that the discussion forums are to be used only for non-commercial purposes. You may not solicit funds, promote commercial entities or otherwise engage in commercial activity in our discussion forums.

    7. You acknowledge and agree that you use and/or rely on any information obtained through the discussion forums at your own risk.

    8. For any content that you post, you hereby grant to IP Watch the royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, exclusive and fully sub-licensable license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such content in whole or in part, world-wide and to incorporate it in other works, in any form, media or technology now known or later developed.

    9. These terms and your posts and contributions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Switzerland (without giving effect to conflict of laws principles thereof) and any dispute exclusively settled by the Courts of the Canton of Geneva.

     

     
    Your IP address is 50.16.65.168