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9. These terms and your posts and contributions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Switzerland (without giving effect to conflict of laws principles thereof) and any dispute exclusively settled by the Courts of the Canton of Geneva.

Quantitative Analysis Of Contributions To NETMundial Meeting

A quantitative analysis of the 187 submissions to the April NETmundial conference on the future of internet governance shows broad support for improving security, ensuring respect for privacy, ensuring freedom of expression, and globalizing the IANA function, analyst Richard Hill writes.


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    Intellectual Property Creates Space For Competition In Innovation, WIPO Head Says

    Published on 29 March 2011 @ 5:41 pm

    By , Intellectual Property Watch

    Intellectual property is an available space in which any country can compete, but certain policies are helpful, the head of the World Intellectual Property Organization said today. And he described a global geographic shift in innovation away from Europe and the United States.

    WIPO Director General Francis Gurry addressed the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), which is holding its 64th session from 29-31 March. The session is focusing on economic integration in the UNECE region, taking into consideration new challenges brought by the economic crisis, and on the role of regional integration and cooperation for promoting sustainable development in the UNECE region. Economic integration is the facilitation of trade between countries by removing trade restraints.

    UNECE brings together 56 countries located in the European Union, non-EU Western and Eastern Europe, South-East Europe and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and North America, according to its website.

    Gurry told the meeting that innovation is central to economic growth and to the creation of new and better jobs. It also is key to increasing competitiveness at every level, countries, industry and companies, and is a source of improvements in people’s material lives. Intellectual property catches the value that is added to production, he said.

    IP is “the space in which all countries would like to compete,” he said. “Nobody wants to compete on the cost of labour and not everyone can compete on the basis of physical resources, so the value added by the intellect, essentially, is the space which is available to all countries in which to compete.”

    Dramatic changes have occurred in the last 10 years in the geography of innovation, with China now the largest investor in real terms in research and development in the world. China also passed the United Kingdom in 2008 and France in 2009, in international patent applications filings.

    Looking at statistics for demography and economic production, “quite extraordinary” changes have happened, Gurry said. In 1913, 33 percent of the world population was located in Europe and North America. In 2003 this figure dropped to 17 percent, and in 2050 it will be 12 percent, he said. In terms of economic production, in 1950, 68 percent of world economic output came from Europe and North America, in 2003, it was 57 percent, and in 2050 it could be 30 percent.

    In the 20th Century, institutions worked in isolation on their own innovation needs, but in the 21st Century, there is a shift toward more open systems of innovation and institutions and enterprises now work collaboratively to satisfy their innovation needs.

    Innovation, and more generally education and science, have become internationalised with research and development delocalised around the world and 22 percent of scientific articles being internationally co-authored.

    Government policy needs to adjust to a “total knowledge policy,” Gurry said, starting with education, which is the first step before getting to the commercialisation of knowledge and then using IP to convert this knowledge into commercial assets.

    The role of universities is also growing with more technology transfer offices within universities and national legislation being enacted in many countries to encourage transfer knowledge from universities to the productive sector. Last year, the University of California was the 22nd largest filer of international patent applications in the rank of countries. So this university system alone filed more international patent applications than 160 countries around the world, Gurry said.

    Gurry also encourage UNECE members to stress “connectivity and connections”, such as the global education, scientific and technological production, which “is crucial for the sort of model that is emerging for innovation in the 21st Century.”

    Catherine Saez may be reached at info@ip-watch.ch.

     


    Leave a Reply

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website. By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website.

    By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    1. You agree that you are fully responsible for the content that you post. You will not knowingly post content that violates the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property right of any third party or which you know is under a confidentiality obligation preventing its publication and that you will request removal of the same should you discover that you have violated this provision. Likewise, you may not post content that is libelous, defamatory, obscene, abusive, that violates a third party's right to privacy, that otherwise violates any applicable local, state, national or international law, that amounts to spamming or that is otherwise inappropriate. You may not post content that degrades others on the basis of gender, race, class, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual preference, disability or other classification. Epithets and other language intended to intimidate or to incite violence are also prohibited. Furthermore, you may not impersonate others.

    2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

    3. By submitting any contribution to IP Watch, you warrant that your contribution is your own original work and that you have the right to make it available to IP Watch for all purposes and you agree to indemnify IP Watch, its directors, employees and agents against all damages, legal fees and others expenses that may be incurred by IP Watch as a result of your breach of warranty or of these terms.

    4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

    5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

    6. You understand and agree that the discussion forums are to be used only for non-commercial purposes. You may not solicit funds, promote commercial entities or otherwise engage in commercial activity in our discussion forums.

    7. You acknowledge and agree that you use and/or rely on any information obtained through the discussion forums at your own risk.

    8. For any content that you post, you hereby grant to IP Watch the royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, exclusive and fully sub-licensable license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such content in whole or in part, world-wide and to incorporate it in other works, in any form, media or technology now known or later developed.

    9. These terms and your posts and contributions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Switzerland (without giving effect to conflict of laws principles thereof) and any dispute exclusively settled by the Courts of the Canton of Geneva.

     

     
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