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IP-Watch interns talk about their Geneva experience in summer 2013. 2:42.

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    Nouveau projet de l’Equateur : le logiciel libre pour lutter contre le piratage

    Published on 17 May 2010 @ 10:20 am

    By , Intellectual Property Watch

    Le logiciel libre est actuellement utilisé comme une alternative légale au piratage de logiciels, dans le cadre d’un projet conjoint lancé par un groupe régional à but non lucratif et par l’office de propriété intellectuelle équatorien (IEPI). Ce projet s’appuie sur les bibliothèques publiques pour diffuser des logiciels libres.

    Pour le projet « Biblioteca Libre », le Centre latino-américain de recherche pour le développement de la propriété intellectuelle – connu sous le nom de Corporación Innovarte – a signé un accord avec l’office national de propriété intellectuelle (IEPI), la fondation pour le logiciel libre équatorienne et les associations de bibliothèques. Le but de Corporación Innovarte est de promouvoir l’accès à la connaissance, l’innovation et la culture en tant qu’aides au développement.

    Les logiciels libres seront intégrés aux catalogues habituels des bibliothèques afin de diffuser le logiciel libre auprès du public et d’atteindre deux objectifs : offrir de nouvelles options à la population tout en soutenant « la multiplication des possibilités d’éducation et de recherche », et contribuer à limiter l’utilisation de logiciels piratés.

    Selon la fondation pour le logiciel libre (FSF), le logiciel libre permet à l’utilisateur « d’exécuter, de copier, de distribuer, d’étudier, de modifier et d’améliorer le logiciel », ce qui nécessite au préalable un accès au code source. Les copies peuvent être redistribuées telles quelles ou modifiées, gratuitement ou non, « à n’importe qui, n’importe où ». La fondation précise dans sa définition du logiciel libre qu’il s’agit d’une question de liberté, pas de gratuité, le mot « libre » en anglais voulant également dire « gratuit », la fondation suggère de penser au logiciel libre comme « liberté d’expression », et non pas comme « une bière gratuite ».

    Les partisans du logiciel libre se disent en faveur du droit d’auteur dans la mesure où le logiciel libre en dépend.

    En Equateur, l’initiative est fortement soutenue par l’IEPI, selon Luis Villarroel, directeur de Corporación Innovarte et ancien délégué du Chili auprès de l’Organisation Mondiale de la Propriété Intellectuelle. En faisant du logiciel libre une étape pour une promotion « positive et constructive » du respect du droit d’auteur, « l’office de propriété intellectuelle équatorien est le premier à avaliser une campagne de ce type », a-t-il indiqué à Intellectual Property Watch.

    Le projet a également été initié au Chili, bien que l’office de propriété intellectuelle se soit montré plus réticent à « soutenir une campagne en faveur du logiciel libre ». Dans ce pays, l’ONG a invité les bibliothèques à des ateliers d’information et les a approchées l’une après l’autre. Les bibliothèques désireuses de participer se sont vues remettre « un ou deux cédéroms » contenant des logiciels qu’elles peuvent prêter, reproduire ou même modifier comme elles le souhaitent. M. Villarroel a ajouté que le projet s’appuie désormais aussi sur les écoles pour diffuser des logiciels libres.

    Le projet est en phase pilote au Nicaragua et l’association des bibliothèques d’Uruguay a été contactée afin de lancer le projet ultérieurement cette année. Le financement du projet est un vrai défi et Corporación Innovarte cherche des financements supplémentaires. M. Villarroel a indiqué qu’une aide au projet sous la forme de contributions en nature pourrait être demandé aux sociétés du logiciel libre.

    Selon Gina Brito, coordinatrice du projet Bibliothèque Libre équatorien, les cédéroms distribués aux bibliothèques équatoriennes contiennent 19 programmes, tous exécutables sous Windows, qui représentent pour certains une alternative à des logiciels grand public bien connus. Le logiciel peut être installé et les programmes sont accompagnés d’une notice d’utilisation.

    Le projet Biblioteca Libre fait partie de la campagne « Legalizate » qui incite à « agir légalement en utilisant des logiciels libres », d’après le président de l’office de propriété intellectuelle équatorien (IEPI), Andrés Ycaza Mantilla.

    Ce dernier a précisé que « l’IEPI joue un rôle actif dans le projet Biblioteca Libre mais soutient également des campagnes anti-piratage organisées par des organisations du logiciel non libre, comme la Business Software Alliance ». La BSA fournit des statistiques annuelles qui révèlent des milliards de pertes de gains dues au piratage, mais certains remettent en question le mode de calcul utilisé, qui recense toute version piratée comme une perte de vente à plein tarif.

    Le nombre de bibliothèques participant au projet n’est pas encore connu mais l’IEPI les espère « aussi nombreuses que possible », en souhaitant toutefois un minimum d’infrastructure et d’organisation, a indiqué M. Ycaza Mantilla.

    Il a ajouté : l’IEPI « soutient les initiatives anti-piratage de l’industrie du logiciel. Nous pensons qu’elles ont eu un effet positif pour la lutte contre le piratage dans ce pays et nous espérons que d’autres industries internationales suivront cet exemple en jouant un rôle proactif dans la défense de leurs droits de propriété intellectuelle en Equateur ».

    Avec la participation de William New.

    Catherine Saez may be reached at info@ip-watch.ch.

     


    Leave a Reply

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website. By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website.

    By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    1. You agree that you are fully responsible for the content that you post. You will not knowingly post content that violates the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property right of any third party or which you know is under a confidentiality obligation preventing its publication and that you will request removal of the same should you discover that you have violated this provision. Likewise, you may not post content that is libelous, defamatory, obscene, abusive, that violates a third party's right to privacy, that otherwise violates any applicable local, state, national or international law, that amounts to spamming or that is otherwise inappropriate. You may not post content that degrades others on the basis of gender, race, class, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual preference, disability or other classification. Epithets and other language intended to intimidate or to incite violence are also prohibited. Furthermore, you may not impersonate others.

    2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

    3. By submitting any contribution to IP Watch, you warrant that your contribution is your own original work and that you have the right to make it available to IP Watch for all purposes and you agree to indemnify IP Watch, its directors, employees and agents against all damages, legal fees and others expenses that may be incurred by IP Watch as a result of your breach of warranty or of these terms.

    4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

    5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

    6. You understand and agree that the discussion forums are to be used only for non-commercial purposes. You may not solicit funds, promote commercial entities or otherwise engage in commercial activity in our discussion forums.

    7. You acknowledge and agree that you use and/or rely on any information obtained through the discussion forums at your own risk.

    8. For any content that you post, you hereby grant to IP Watch the royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, exclusive and fully sub-licensable license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such content in whole or in part, world-wide and to incorporate it in other works, in any form, media or technology now known or later developed.

    9. These terms and your posts and contributions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Switzerland (without giving effect to conflict of laws principles thereof) and any dispute exclusively settled by the Courts of the Canton of Geneva.

     

     
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