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The Politicization Of The US Patent System

The Washington Post story, How patent reform’s fraught politics have left USPTO still without a boss (July 30), is a vivid account of how patent reform has divided the US economy, preempting a possible replacement for David Kappos who stepped down 18 months ago. The division is even bigger than portrayed. Universities have lined up en masse to oppose reform, while main street businesses that merely use technology argue for reform. Reminiscent of the partisan divide that has paralyzed US politics, this struggle crosses party lines and extends well beyond the usual inter-industry debates. Framed in terms of combating patent trolls through technical legal fixes, there lurks a broader economic concern – to what extent ordinary retailers, bank, restaurants, local banks, motels, realtors, and travel agents should bear the burden of defending against patents as a cost of doing business.


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    La OMA estudia nuevo “mecanismo de diálogo” relativo a la falsificación y énfasis explícito en materia de salud pública

    Published on 23 June 2009 @ 8:23 pm

    By , Intellectual Property Watch

    Esta semana la Organización Mundial de Aduanas (OMA) tratará de llegar a un acuerdo sobre un grupo de sustitución más flexible para la lucha contra la falsificación y la piratería que podría calmar las preocupaciones sobre la extralimitación de los funcionarios de aduanas. Asimismo, estudiará una propuesta para agregar un énfasis explícito en materia de salud pública y seguridad a sus actividades de ejecución.

    En su reunión del 22 al 27 de junio en Bruselas, la Comisión Política de la OMA examinará una recomendación que prevé reemplazar un grupo previo controvertido sobre falsificación y piratería por otro más flexible que se limite al diálogo. Estudiará también la posibilidad de modificar la formulación “salud pública y seguridad” del mandato del Comité de Ejecución de la OMA.

    El Comité de Ejecución, que aborda varios asuntos técnicos como el tráfico de drogas y los derechos de propiedad intelectual (DPI), no pudo llegar a un acuerdo en cuanto al asunto de la salud en su reunión de febrero, según un documento que la Secretaría redactó el 20 de mayo para la Comisión Política, accesible aquí [pdf, en inglés].

    Se presentaron varias propuestas relativas a la posibilidad de introducir las palabras “salud y seguridad” en el mandato del comité. Mientras que algunos miembros sostuvieron que ninguna propuesta era necesaria puesto que ya se abarcan en el mandato existente mediante los términos “fraude” y “contrabando”, los partidarios de agregar los términos estimaron que el hecho de incluirlos envía un mensaje político importante. El documento de la Secretaría engloba las opiniones que expresaron tanto los miembros que están en contra de la inclusión de las palabras como los que están a favor.

    El organismo internacional de aduana, con sede en Bruselas, está intentando estar más alerta e implicado en la lucha contra la falsificación y la piratería de productos y servicios. Propone un nuevo grupo no negociador, que se llamaría WCO Counterfeiting and Piracy Group (grupo sobre falsificación y piratería de la OMA), que sería un “mecanismo de diálogo” y claramente no se dedicaría al establecimiento de normas.

    “El grupo constituirá un mecanismo de diálogo sobre las medidas en frontera en materia de falsificación de marcas y piratería lesiva del derecho de autor”, según el proyecto de mandato del 11 de junio accesible aquí [pdf, en inglés], redactado por la Secretaría de la OMA como fundamento para el debate sobre PI en la reunión de la Comisión Política.

    El año pasado, la propuesta de mandato del Grupo de Trabajo SECURE (siglas en inglés de normas provisionales utilizadas por aduana para la observancia uniforme de derechos), de 2007, se encontró con la resistencia de algunos de sus miembros.

    Algunos oponentes comentaron que temen que el grupo haga decidir a agentes de aduanas no calificados en materia de posibles productos infractores en vez de a jueces, y que el procedimiento no ha sido lo suficientemente integrador y abierto.
    En diciembre, la Secretaría declaró que se recomendaba el cese del grupo SECURE y que un nuevo grupo lo reemplazaría.

    “En sus debates, el grupo respetará los regímenes jurídicos nacionales de los miembros, así como sus respectivos niveles de compromiso en acuerdos internacionales, como el Acuerdo sobre los ADPIC, del cual los miembros son partes, y no se encargará de establecer normas ni tratará de formular recomendaciones o de adoptar medidas especiales”, menciona el documento de la Secretaría con fecha del 11 de junio.

    Acuerdo sobre los ADPIC es el Acuerdo sobre los Aspectos de los Derechos de Propiedad Intelectual relacionados con el Comercio de la Organización Mundial del Comercio. La OMA indicó que el establecimiento de normas “comprende todo tipo de disposiciones (vinculantes o no vinculantes), sin distinción de nombre, tales como normas, mejores prácticas, recomendaciones, directrices o cualquier otra denominación”.

    El proyecto de mandato se acordó durante tres reuniones informales que empezaron en el mes de diciembre y concluyeron el 4 de junio con 22 miembros presentes, según la Secretaría. De conformidad con el mandato, el nuevo grupo se formaría el corriente mes y tendría una misión ilimitada “hasta que sea sustituido o revocado”, con un miembro de la OMA como presidente que rota cada año y es elegido por un grupo de miembros.

    El objetivo y el ámbito del grupo estarían “limitados a un intercambio y debate de opiniones, experiencias, prácticas e iniciativas de las administraciones aduaneras, y debates sobre las actividades de la OMA relativas al fomento de la capacidad para los miembros que solicitan asistencia”.

    El grupo presentará un “informe fáctico” al Comité Técnico Permanente de la OMA al término de cada sesión. Las sesiones generalmente tendrán lugar durante dos días dos veces al año, pero podrían celebrarse “cuando sea necesario, sujetas a la aprobación” del comité permanente.

    Es posible que se invite a observadores a participar en reuniones públicas con vistas a lograr una participación “equilibrada” de las partes interesadas.

    La Comisión Política cuenta con 23 miembros, examina asuntos de la agenda del Consejo de la OMA y prepara recomendaciones para éste, que es el órgano supremo de la organización.

    El Consejo decidirá los asuntos sobre PI y, por ende, la Comisión Política los examinará en un primer momento, según ciertas fuentes. Aún queda por ver si la Comisión Política cambiará la formulación en el mandato propuesto que se ha negociado para el nuevo grupo.

    De igual manera, la Secretaría ha estado proporcionando asistencia técnica en materia de DPI a diferentes regiones, según menciona el documento preparado para la reunión de esta semana.

    Traducido del inglés por Analín Pedroni.

    William New may be reached at wnew@ip-watch.ch.

     


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    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website. By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website.

    By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    1. You agree that you are fully responsible for the content that you post. You will not knowingly post content that violates the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property right of any third party or which you know is under a confidentiality obligation preventing its publication and that you will request removal of the same should you discover that you have violated this provision. Likewise, you may not post content that is libelous, defamatory, obscene, abusive, that violates a third party's right to privacy, that otherwise violates any applicable local, state, national or international law, that amounts to spamming or that is otherwise inappropriate. You may not post content that degrades others on the basis of gender, race, class, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual preference, disability or other classification. Epithets and other language intended to intimidate or to incite violence are also prohibited. Furthermore, you may not impersonate others.

    2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

    3. By submitting any contribution to IP Watch, you warrant that your contribution is your own original work and that you have the right to make it available to IP Watch for all purposes and you agree to indemnify IP Watch, its directors, employees and agents against all damages, legal fees and others expenses that may be incurred by IP Watch as a result of your breach of warranty or of these terms.

    4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

    5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

    6. You understand and agree that the discussion forums are to be used only for non-commercial purposes. You may not solicit funds, promote commercial entities or otherwise engage in commercial activity in our discussion forums.

    7. You acknowledge and agree that you use and/or rely on any information obtained through the discussion forums at your own risk.

    8. For any content that you post, you hereby grant to IP Watch the royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, exclusive and fully sub-licensable license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such content in whole or in part, world-wide and to incorporate it in other works, in any form, media or technology now known or later developed.

    9. These terms and your posts and contributions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Switzerland (without giving effect to conflict of laws principles thereof) and any dispute exclusively settled by the Courts of the Canton of Geneva.

     

     
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