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    Inside Views
    Sigue La Expansion De Los Alcances De La Propiedad Intelectual

    Published on 17 March 2009 @ 10:00 am

    Disclaimer: the views expressed in this column are solely those of the authors and are not associated with Intellectual Property Watch. IP-Watch expressly disclaims and refuses any responsibility or liability for the content, style or form of any posts made to this forum, which remain solely the responsibility of their authors.

    Intellectual Property Watch

    Por: Santiago Roca, Profesor Principal, Universidad ESAN

    Los países desarrollados las tienen claras, en cada oportunidad que pueden aprovechan la ocasión para obtener extensiones en el ámbito y los plazos de la protección que los Estados ofrecen por derechos de propiedad intelectual. Esta protección se basa en una excepción al derecho a la competencia y al libre mercado para favorecer explícitamente a aquellas personas jurídicas y naturales que se dedican a la innovación y creación de nuevos bienes y servicios. Todas estas últimas personas tienen protección de exclusividad y nadie podrá competir con ellas a menos que se expongan a recibir fuertes sanciones. Claro, como la razón misma de la ventaja de los países desarrollados está en sus procesos de innovación tecnológica, ¡qué mejor manera de extender el disfrute de mejores precios y mayores niveles de ingreso y de vida para su gente!

    Esto es justamente lo que ha vuelto a suceder en la propuesta que la Unión Europea ha llevado a la negociación en la mesa de propiedad intelectual del TLC con Colombia, Ecuador y Perú. Los europeos han solicitado extender los plazos de protección de los derechos de autor al por ejemplo alargar la protección de trabajos de autoría y cinematografía a 70 años después de la muerte del último de los autores de un libro, o del último que sobreviva entre el director, el compositor de la música, el autor del diálogo o el de la escenografía de una película o trabajo audiovisual.

    Los europeos han propuesto extender el plazo tradicional de 20 años a las patentes por cuantos años adicionales transcurran entre la presentación de la solicitud de la patente y la autorización de comercialización del producto, la última de las cuáles depende de muchas otras circunstancias de mercado.

    Los europeos han propuesto ampliar la definición de “radiodifusión” a todo tipo de transmisiones y la definición de “comunicación pública” para que abarque todos los medios posibles, y exigir derechos de exclusividad en la difusión y comunicación al público.

    Sabiendo que el Perú no acepta todavía el patentamiento de plantas – aún cuando en el TLC con Estados Unidos se ha comprometido a hacer los mejores esfuerzos – los europeos van más allá y solicitan que se extienda el plazo de las patentes de plantas por cuantos años transcurran entre la solicitud de la patente y la autorización de comercialización de la planta (en el Perú no hay nadie todavía que autorice verdaderamente la comercialización de plantas).

    Los europeos están comenzando a dar exclusividad a cualquier producto o proceso de cualquier ámbito tecnológico en procedimientos y materias excluidas de protección por patente de invención, utilizando y flexibilizando la definición y concepto de “modelo de utilidad”.

    Los europeos han propuesto ampliar la protección de exclusividad de las pruebas clínicas y datos que presentan los laboratorios farmacéuticos para comercializar sus productos a 11 años, en vez de los 5 años que solicitó Estados Unidos. La protección de datos de prueba se extiende no solo a agroquímicos sino aparentemente a todos los productos químicos.

    En vez de que los gobiernos de los países desarrollados y de los países en desarrollo se sienten a conversar para promover el crecimiento de sus economías y la búsqueda de formas de equilibrio que promuevan el avance de la ciencia y la tecnología y se encuentren maneras de disminuir las asimetrías existentes entre ambos, los países desarrollados parecen estar enfrascados exclusivamente en defender los intereses de sus grandes transnacionales productoras de propiedad intelectual, ciencia y tecnología.

    No hay duda que para los países desarrollados la estrategia de incluir el capítulo de propiedad intelectual en los tratados de libre comercio, es el negocio del siglo XXI. Lo que el feudalismo representó para el señor feudal en la extracción de rentas en los siglos XIV, XV y XVI, hoy día lo representa los derechos de propiedad intelectual.

    Santiago Roca is professor of economics at the Graduate School of Business, Universidad ESAN, Lima, Perú; past president 2004-2006 of the Peruvian Intellectual Property Authority, INDECOPI; and vocal (member) of the Peruvian Competition Tribunal 2002-2004, INDECOPI. He holds a PhD in economics from Cornell University.

     

    Comments

    1. jose L Leòn says:

      UN CORDIAL SALUDO.

      POR FAVOR AYUDENOS A PROMOVER ESTO:

      LA PROPIEDAD INTELECTUAL PARA PATENTE DE INVENCIÒN , DEBE SER UNIVERSAL; ESTA DEBE ACTIVADA Y VÁLIDA, UNA VEZ SOLICITADA EN TODOS LOS PAISES DEL MUNDO . AL IGUAL QUE LA PROPIEDAD LITERARIA.

      ESTO AYUDARÀ A LOS INVENTOS EN LOS PAISES EN DESARROLLO.

      Muchas gracias
      Atte: Jose L.Leòn.


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    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website. By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    We welcome your participation in article and blog comment threads, and other discussion forums, where we encourage you to analyse and react to the content available on the Intellectual Property Watch website.

    By participating in discussions or reader forums, or by submitting opinion pieces or comments to articles, blogs, reviews or multimedia features, you are consenting to these rules.

    1. You agree that you are fully responsible for the content that you post. You will not knowingly post content that violates the copyright, trademark, patent or other intellectual property right of any third party or which you know is under a confidentiality obligation preventing its publication and that you will request removal of the same should you discover that you have violated this provision. Likewise, you may not post content that is libelous, defamatory, obscene, abusive, that violates a third party's right to privacy, that otherwise violates any applicable local, state, national or international law, that amounts to spamming or that is otherwise inappropriate. You may not post content that degrades others on the basis of gender, race, class, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual preference, disability or other classification. Epithets and other language intended to intimidate or to incite violence are also prohibited. Furthermore, you may not impersonate others.

    2. You understand and agree that Intellectual Property Watch is not responsible for any content posted by you or third parties. You further understand that IP Watch does not monitor the content posted. Nevertheless, IP Watch may monitor the any user-generated content as it chooses and reserves the right to remove, edit or otherwise alter content that it deems inappropriate for any reason whatever without consent nor notice. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's privilege to post content on our site. IP Watch is not in any manner endorsing the content of the discussion forums and cannot and will not vouch for its reliability or otherwise accept liability for it.

    3. By submitting any contribution to IP Watch, you warrant that your contribution is your own original work and that you have the right to make it available to IP Watch for all purposes and you agree to indemnify IP Watch, its directors, employees and agents against all damages, legal fees and others expenses that may be incurred by IP Watch as a result of your breach of warranty or of these terms.

    4. You further agree not to publish any personal information about yourself or anyone else (for example telephone number or home address). If you add a comment to a blog, be aware that your email address will be apparent.

    5. IP Watch will not be liable for any loss including but not limited to the following (whether such losses are foreseen, known or otherwise): loss of data, loss of revenue or anticipated profit, loss of business, loss of opportunity, loss of goodwill or injury to reputation, losses suffered by third parties, any indirect, consequential or exemplary damages.

    6. You understand and agree that the discussion forums are to be used only for non-commercial purposes. You may not solicit funds, promote commercial entities or otherwise engage in commercial activity in our discussion forums.

    7. You acknowledge and agree that you use and/or rely on any information obtained through the discussion forums at your own risk.

    8. For any content that you post, you hereby grant to IP Watch the royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, exclusive and fully sub-licensable license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such content in whole or in part, world-wide and to incorporate it in other works, in any form, media or technology now known or later developed.

    9. These terms and your posts and contributions shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Switzerland (without giving effect to conflict of laws principles thereof) and any dispute exclusively settled by the Courts of the Canton of Geneva.

     

     
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